This sweeping view of the Gulf of Naples is one of the most rare and dramatic posters created by the Italian National Tourist Agency. An active Mt. Vesuvius smolders in the distance while two railway cars wind their way from Naples to the funicular line on the peak. Although it launched in 1880, Thomas Cook & Sons later acquired and improved the railway, which continued in operation until 1944, when volcanic damage forced a shutdown of the line.
The railroad became world famous as the only one built on an active volcano. Its fame was widespread and nearly instantaneous, enhanced by the sensational popularity of the Neapolitan folk song, Funiculi, Funicala in 1880. The ride quickly became an essential attraction for visitors to Naples.